Die Bundesarchitektenkammer vertritt die 16 Länderarchitektenkammern mit ihren 132.805 Mitgliedern (Stand 1.1.2017).

Bundesarchitektenkammer e.V. Kurzportrait

© BAK

 
Die Bundesarchitektenkammer e.V. (BAK) ist ein Zusammenschluss der 16 Länderarchitektenkammern in Deutschland. Sie vertritt auf nationaler und internationaler Ebene die Interessen von 132.805 Architekten (Stand 1. Januar 2017) gegenüber Politik und Öffentlichkeit. Auch wenn Architekten- und Bauordnungsrecht grundsätzlich Ländersache sind, fallen viele Entscheidungen in Berlin oder Brüssel.
Architekten zählen wie Rechtsanwälte, Ärzte oder Apotheker zu den Freien Berufen. Deren Titel sind gesetzlich geschützt. Nur wer bei der Architektenkammer seines Bundeslandes registriert ist, darf als Architekt, Garten- und Landschaftsarchitekt, Innenarchitekt oder Städtebauarchitekt/Stadtplaner firmieren. Die Zugangsregeln variieren von Bundesland zu Bundesland; das Kammersystem garantiert jedoch, dass alle zugelassenen Planer über ein hohes Ausbildungs- und Qualifikationsniveau verfügen. Nicht zuletzt deshalb werden die Qualitäten von Architekten- und Planerleistungen „Made in Germany“ auch im Ausland hoch geschätzt.
Die berufspolitische Arbeit der Bundesarchitektenkammer konzentriert sich auf die beruflichen Rahmenbedingungen für Architekten und Stadtplaner. Im Vordergrund stehen zur Zeit Themen wie die Rolle der Architekten bei der Energiewende, die schwierige Haftungssituation, das Vergaberecht einschließlich der Förderung des Wettbewerbswesens, sowie Fragen der Normung und die Fortentwicklung der Honorarordnung für Architekten und Ingenieure (HOAI).
 
Die Mitglieder in den sechzehn Länderkammern setzen sich wie folgt zusammen:

Architekten (Hochbau): 85 Prozent
Landschaftsarchitekten: 6 Prozent
Innenarchitekten: 4 Prozent
Stadtplaner: 5 Prozent


Jährlich zur Bundeskammerversammlung im September wird der Jahresbericht der Bundesarchitektenkammer veröffentlicht.

 

About us - information in English

Regulation of the architectural profession and practice in Germany

  1. General Information

Today, more than 131,000 architects in Germany are active as freelancers, employees, public servants or they are engaged in the building and construction business (i.e. they operate, for instance, a construction business under their own responsibility). The architect performs consulting, planning, designing services on behalf of the client and oversees and controls the execution of the plans on a fiduciary basis. With their enrolment in the official list of architects they commit themselves to comply with strict principles of the trade. The official list of architects is kept by the 16 Architects' Associations in the federal states, which as statutory professional bodies have been charged by the state with the task of maintaining this list.

Architects may belong to one or several disciplines (specialisations), being:

  • Architecture (building construction)
  • Interior architecture
  • Landscape architecture
  • Urban planning.

The enrolment in the list of architects is affiliated with the protection of the job title: Only such persons may trade under the job titles "architect", "interior architect", "garden and landscape architect" or "urban planner", who have been enrolled in the list of architects of a federal state. These job titles are protected by specific laws made for the trade and serve, through the control of the qualification, also the protection of consumers.

  1. Federal Chamber of German Architects

The Federal Chamber of German Architects (Bundesarchitektenkammer e.V. - BAK) is the national association of the 16 Chambers of Architects of the German Länder, bodies under public law. It represents the interests of Germany´s architects, landscape architects, interior architects and urban planners in politics and society (approx. 131,000 members in 2016). Although both architect and building order regulations are a matter of individual federal state legislation, many important political decisions pertaining to the profession are made in Berlin or Brussels. The profession of architects is one of the “liberal professions” whose titles are protected by law.

  1. Chambers of Architects of the German Länder

Architects are obliged to register at the Länderkammer of the federal state (German Land) where they are settled. The regulations vary between the different Bundesländer.

The tasks of the 16 Chambers of Architects of the German Länder are in principle:

  1. To promote building culture, architecture, construction, urban development and landscape management,
  2. To safeguard the professional interests of all its members and the reputation of the profession, to advise the members on matters relating to professional practice and to supervise the performance of professional duties,
  3. To promote and to provide vocational training,
  4. To keep the lists and directories required by law and other legislations and to issue the necessary certificates,
  5. To contribute to the regulation of competition,
  6. To support authorities and courts in all matters relating to professional duties,
  7. To work on the settlement of disputes arising from professional practice,
  8. To contribute to the regulation of expert

For more details on the Chambers of the Länder, please see here: http://www.bak.de/bundesarchitektenkammer/mitglieder/

For the purpose of promoting activities abroad, the BAK established the Network for Architecture Exchange – Netzwerk Architekturexport (NAX) early in 2001. NAX gathers export experienced architects, acts as an agent for providing colleagues and awarding authorities with national and international contracts and improves the flow of export-relevant information.

More on the Internet under www.architekturexport.de

  1. Practice / professional training / further training

Professional titles in the fields of architecture, interior architecture, landscape architecture and urban planning

In Germany, the titles architect, interior architect, landscape architect and urban planner are protected by law. Registration is mandatory via the chamber of one of the German Länder (ferdal states), where the architect is settled. The title protection plays an important role in consumer protection as it is part of the quality control of the services. Architects and urban planners provide services in advising, planning and constructing as well as supervising tasks.

  1. Professional training

The architects´ chambers of the German Länder register the following architectural professions: architect, interior architect, landscape architect and urban planner.

Requirements and registration

  • For architects, generally minimum of 4 years of academic training required for registration.
    For landscape architects, urban planners and interior designers: 3 or 4 years (depending on the particular state law).
  • Exceptionally, Bachelor of 3 years is accepted by 3 Länder for registration, provided that the applicant has 4 to 6 years of obligatory professional experience (Bavaria 6 years + additional examination; Hessen 4 years; Schleswig-Holstein 4 years).
  • Compulsory registration with the Chamber of Architects of one of the Länder. Registration is based on an assessment carried out by an independent jury of professionals headed by a magistrate or a lawyer. There is provision for an appeal process.

 

  1. Further training / Continuous Professional Development (CPD)

The obligation for further training is anchored in the architects' laws.

The architects' chambers are in charge of the advanced training institutes and academies.

CPD register for Germany: http://www.architekten-fortbildung.de/

  1. Liability / Insurance

Fee scale (HOAI) / Scope of services

In Germany there is a national law on fee scales for architects and engineers (Hororarordnung für Architekten und Ingenieure/HOAI) setting out general provisions and definitions for architectural and engineering services, including binding minimum and maximum tariffs.

It contains extensive overview tables to define the fee scales for services in a variety of projects (building, urban planning, landscape planning, transport infrastructure, technical installations, earthworks, surveying etc.) in relation to the total costs of the project. These total fees are broken down into percentages for the various work stages ("Leistungsphasen").

  1. Construction law

Baugesetzbuch (Federal Building Code)

The national act covers subjects such as land use, property rights, administrative procedures etc.
The 1997 version is available in English on the website of the Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing:
http://www.bmvbw.de/Anlage2219/Federal-Building-Code.pdf (PDF-Dokument)
Press releases from the Ministry in English can be found under:
http://www.bmvbw.de/English-Content-.454.htm

Bauordnung (the "Building Codes" of the federal states)

Each of the 16 federal states in Germany has its own "Bauordnung" or building code. These building codes set out the requirements for building plots, construction work, building regulations etc., in other words they are focused more on the individual construction projects. There is a "Musterbauordnung" (model building code) which aims to provide a harmonisation framework for the regional codes, but it has not eliminated the regional differences.
The model building code (2002) in German can be found at:
www.bauordnungen.de/html/musterbauordnung.html

  1. Contract law

There is no special contract law for architects in Germany.

  1. Statistics

(source BAK, Destatis, DIW)

 

2013

2015

 

Social & Economic

Construction /GDP

 

 

 

Population

80.767.500

82.175.700

 

GDP € m

2.735.800

3.026.600

 

GDP head €

33.872

36.830

 

Construction € m

313.600

341.330

 

 

 

 

 

Architectural Profession

 

 

 

Architects

105.408

108.345

 

% Male

69

68

 

% Female

31

32

 

Practices

36.184

39.174*

*2014

 

 

 

 

Architectural Market

Surplus per owner €

 

 

 

One owner without employees

30.000

35.000

 

2 to 4 employees

50.000

55.000

 

5 to 9 employees

80.000

88.000

 

10 and more employees

123.000

152.540

 

Total

47.000

53.955

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deutsches Architektenblatt

© DAB

 

Das "Deutsche Architektenblatt" ist die monatlich erscheinende Mitgliedszeitschrift der Bundesarchitektenkammer und der Länderarchitektenkammern und hat sich zu einem Magazin profiliert, in dem Architekten über ihre beruflichen Herausforderungen und Erfolge reflektieren und miteinander in den Dialog finden. Die Online-Ausgabe www.dabonline.de hat sich als Kommunikationsplattform etabliert.